Category Archives: General
This post contains a summary and discussion of several cases that have shaped Fourth Amendment search and seizure law related to traffic stops and car searches: Robinette II and III– A lawful traffic stop ended. Was consent to search a car given during the subsequent unlawful detention voluntary and the product of free will? Caballes – […]
Andre Sanford was in a crash in October 2016. He struck a motorcycle, killing the driver and left the scene. An hour later he surrendered, admitted that he had been drinking and smoking weed, and submitted to a blood test. Sometime later the test results indicated a prohibited amount of marijuana metabolites in his system. […]
One of the things Phil Korey taught me is perseverance in investigating a criminal case. A part of that is making full use of Crim. R. 16, due process, the Public Records Act and our intuition. Crim R. 16. It’s always good to review what must be provided by the state in response to a […]
Lange v. California: “No Categorical Warrantless Search Exception” Where Misdemeanant Flees into Home
By Robert G. Walton Esquire and Danielle Muster, his law clerk. On June 23, 2021, the United States Supreme Court handed down a decision in Lange v. California, 594 U. S. ____(2021). The principal issue was whether the pursuit of a fleeing misdemeanor suspect categorically qualifies as an exigent circumstance justifying a warrantless entry into […]
By Shaker Heights Municipal Court Magistrate Anne Walton-Keller Recently the Supreme Court of Ohio decided that a trial court, pursuant to R.C. 2941.51(D), may order a criminal defendant to pay his or her court-appointed-counsel fees without first articulating explicit findings about the defendant’s ability to pay. State v Taylor, 2020-Ohio-6786. Taylor was ordered to pay […]
Often, a person who has been detained (Terry stop, traffic stop) is “in custody ” for Miranda purposes before a formal arrest occurs. That is important because the procedural safeguards adopted by Miranda become necessary once a defendant is taken into custody.
A Template-Motion in Limine to Exclude Evidence of a Chemical Test Refusal from Being Heard by a Jury
In cases where the facts make it appropriate, the following sets forth a framework for excluding evidence of a refusal as proof of guilt in an OVI case and as proof of the element of refusal in an OVI-refusal with a prior OVI in the past 20 years case.
Challenging Admissibility and Weight of BAC and SFST Results Just because the results of a breath or blood alcohol concentration test and/or the results of Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFST’s) are determined to be in substantial compliance under their respective statutory exclusionary rules does not mean that the admissibility of such results cannot be challenged […]
Submitted by Co-Authors Robert G. Walton and Gretchen Ebner The Relevant Evidentiary Statutes R.C. 4511.19(D)(1)(a) provides, in part, that in a criminal prosecution for a violation of R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(a) or its equivalent (impaired driving) the result of any test of any blood withdrawn and analyzed by a health care provider may be admitted with expert […]
With litigation pending all over Ohio about traffic cameras and the 2019 statutes governing traffic camera programs, we are all having difficulty keeping track of the issues and court decisions surrounding these issues. Here is where Cuyahoga County is, in a nutshell, as of July 1, 2020.